Murat Şanver’s research article… Mankind has been engaged in various endeavors since they began to be interested in space.
Murat Şanver’s research article…
Mankind space They have been involved in various occupations since they started to take care of it. in 1961 Yuri Gagarin It is an indication of this situation that the astronaut named astronaut went into space and successfully reached Earth orbit. Since then, of course, they have been dealing with various projects and these projects have certain budgets.
In this article, we will see the budgets that the countries working with space spend on their projects.
I will start the list at number 7 and this space project is GLONASS or Global Navigation Satellite System.
It is called Global Satellite Positioning System in Turkish and its name is quite long, so they call it GLONASS as an abbreviation of English, and we call it KUKOS.
Returning to our subject, this project is the second generation global satellite positioning system developed by Russia.
GLONASS, the world’s second business satellite positioning system after GPS, started optimally operable development in the Soviet Union in 1976. -Soviet Union as we know- Satellite assemblies were completed in 1995 through additions with a large number of carrier rockets and the construction took a long time as it can be seen.
Only 7 satellites were active until 2001, when the Soviet Union went into economic contraction corresponding to its collapse. With a program initiated by Vladimir Putin, the current president of the period and the president since Russia was founded as far as I can remember.
GLONASS has been renewed and reactivated. In its latest form, it has 24 active satellites and the cost of this project is 4.7 billion dollars.
The space project, which is at the 6th place on the list, is the Galileo Satellite Navigation System Project.
It was built by the European Union as an alternative satellite guidance system to Russian GLONASS with GPS under the control of the US Army, and the first satellite of the project, which is thought to serve by placing a total of 30 satellites in orbit around the world, was sent to space in 2005. The project started in 1999 with the evaluation of four different proposals from Germany, France, Italy and England.
SPACE TELESCOPE WEBB
On May 26, 2003, the European Union and ESA (European Space Agency) started initiatives to officially undertake the project. The officially announced budget of the project is 1.1 Billion Euros, but this is the first announced budget. From the first day to the last day, it cost an estimated 6.5 billion dollars.
We can get the James Webb Space Telescope at number 5 on the list.
The James Webb Space Telescope is a joint project of 15 different countries under the chairmanship of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Canadian Space Agency. This project will be similar to the Hubble Space Telescope but less qualified. The estimated money spent for this project is 8.8 Billion dollars. It is a very high figure, yes, but when we look at the other projects, we will see that this amount is actually nothing.
The next project, the 4th place of the list, is the Global Positioning System Project…
This project, which belongs to the United States Department of Defense, is referred to as GPS as we know it today. It is a program that opens from any smartphone and marks the place we want to go and shows us the most convenient way. It seems like a simple process for us, but the United States Department of Defense has spent around $12 billion on this project.
3rd on the list Apollo Space Program Project.
This Project is the manned Moon voyage project carried out by NASA. This project, including Neil Armstrong, was carried out between 1961 and 1975. In 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first person to set foot on the Moon with the Apollo 11 project, which was included in this program. As a result of the disaster in the Apollo 1 launch rehearsal, which is the first of the Apollo projects sent into space within the scope of this program, 3 astronauts were killed. There was an explosion in the Apollo 13 project, but the astronauts were born safely. In this project, with the Moon
interacted many times. Apollo 16 even brought a Moonstone. The project I described cost $25.5 billion.
When we come to the second rank of the list, we will see that the 25.5 billion dollars that I mentioned before is very high, but it means nothing compared to this project. This project is directly the International Space Station Project.
It is a space station placed in orbit of space. Even humans live in this space base. It is clear how big a project it is, since it broke the record for hosting humans in space for a long time. The first piece of this base was sent while I was still in the world in 1998. It is a base created with parts put together. It is both a base and a station. It acts as a laboratory center providing space environment and low gravity environment for experiments. The cost of this space station is 160 billion dollars.
The first line of the list is the project that has spent the most cost so far, but this costly project can be passed at any time because much larger plans are being made in the future process related to space, in any case, even the cost is very high. It is a project that took place between 1972 and 2011. This project is the NASA Space Shuttle Project.
In the late 1970s and 1980s it was one of the priority projects that NASA was interested in. They built four space shuttles capable of going into space, reusable, and orbiting continuously until 1985. The name of the first space shuttle used was Columbia, and it was sent on April 12, 1981, the 20th anniversary of the first astronaut in space, Yuri Gagarin, to space (in memory of Yuri Gagarin.)
2 ACCIDENTS – 14 DEATH
The missions of astronauts going into space are between 5 and 17 days, and the crew ranges from 2 to 8 astronauts. During the use of the space fleet, 2 accidents occurred. In 2 of the accidents, 2 vehicles were destroyed and 14 astronauts lost their lives. It must be a very bad situation indeed, losing your life in the vacuum of space. These accidents occurred on the remote shuttles 1986 Challenger and 2003 Columbia. During the program, which took 30 years, 135 missions were carried out and 300 astronauts were sent to space.
The last mission was completed on July 21, 2011, when the shuttle Atlantis landed at Kennedy Space Center. It is a really long and tiring project and the cost of this project is 196 billion dollars. It is known that the interest in space will be so costly throughout the history of humanity and this cost will increase to greater numbers in the future.
Who knows, maybe the aliens we call extraterrestrials will say hello to us…
Source: Space Mag Turkey