Jupiter’s Europa provides the most ideal conditions for alien life!
ALIENS may somehow exist on one of Jupiter’s moons, according to scientists whose speculations increase as the process of finding some kind of life beneath Europa’s icy exterior continues.
Whether life exists far from Earth remains one of the biggest mysteries for scientists. However, experts believe that alien life forms may exist elsewhere in the solar system.
Scientists point to Jupiter’s moons, particularly Europa, as a possible home to life.
Beneath Europa’s icy exterior lies a planet-wide body of water despite freezing temperatures due to a process known as tidal warming. Tidal warming is where the moon’s planet, in this case Jupiter’s gravitational force, stretches the inside of the lunar moons, causing it to heat up enough to keep the water in this state.
Planetary scientist Professor Joachim Saur from the University of Cologne, Germany, said: “As liquid water is in direct contact with the silicate mantle, Europe is one of the best candidates for habitability.”
“So there’s a possibility that minerals may leak from the crust into the ocean. The richer it is in chemical compounds, the better for the evolution of life,” he said.
Prof Saur is the project coordinator of the Exo-Oceans project.
JUICE WILL PROVIDE A LOT OF INFORMATION
The research group would be the first place they looked for bodies of water in other celestial bodies, as water is an indicator of life.
Exo-Oceans is helping launch the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Jupiter Icy Moon Explorer (JUICE) mission, scheduled to take off next year and arrive at Europa by 2029. But JUICE will also discover some of Jupiter’s other moons, such as Callisto and Ganymeade.
However, according to the researchers, Europa is predicted as one of the best possibilities for finding life.
Dr Lorenz Roth, a planetary astronomer and physicist from the KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden, was part of the AuroraMHD project, which studies radiation levels on the moons.
Europa emits a steady aurora as it is constantly bombarded with radiation from Jupiter, which can be seen in Hubble’s ultraviolet images.
AuroraMHD also helped confirm the water clouds coming from Europa’s surface and how these eruptions interacted with the atmosphere.
According to Dr Roth, JUICE will help build on the work.
He said: “The question of livability and survival always stays in the background.”
“Large Jupiter moons are similar to planets in all aspects, including their size: they are similar to or larger than Mercury, one has a magnetic field, they have an atmosphere, they have oceans, etc.”
“Europa is more promising because its water is directly attached to the rocky material on the seafloor, which allows some reactions to occur.
“We’re going to get a lot of information once JUICE enters orbit.”
“It can continuously measure magnetic fields around moons.”
Source: Space Mag Turkey