Stating that traditional technologies do not disturb the balance of nature unlike modern technologies, Üsküdar University Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences Department of Philosophy Prof. Dr.
Stating that traditional technologies do not disturb the balance of nature unlike modern technologies, Üsküdar University Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences Department of Philosophy Prof. Dr. İbrahim Özdemir said, “We have to develop technologies that do not risk the right of future generations to live in a healthy world.” said.
Speaking to Anadolu Agency (AA), Özdemir drew attention to the difference between modern technology and traditional technologies and said, “Traditional technologies were in harmony with nature and based on using it without disturbing the balance of nature.” he spoke.
Emphasizing that the first person who drew attention to this situation was the German philosopher Martin Heidegger, Özdemir drew attention to the devastating consequences of technology in a small treatise called ‘Inquiry Regarding Technique’ written in 1950, when environmental problems were just beginning to be noticed. Accordingly, traditional technologies were a set of tools to meet human needs and did not destroy and threaten nature, but everything changed with modern technology. Another important point is that since the scientific revolutions, technology is a result of modern science. Heidegger argued that modern science and technology were the result of the modern worldview and developed in relation to each other. ” he spoke.
“The overlap of the history of the West’s colonization of the world with the development of modern science and technology is thought-provoking”
Another important point from the ideas developed by Heidegger is “What is the essence of technology?” Özdemir said, “Thus, he drew attention to the understanding of domination, capture, possession and exploitation of nature at the root of modern science and technology. The new technology understanding based on the perspective of modern science not only sees nature but also man as a” resource “. It was thought-provoking that the development of modern science and technology coincided with the history of the West’s colonization of the world. he saw the rest as a ‘resource’ that should only be captured and exploited. ” made his comment.
“We have to develop technologies that do not risk the right of future generations to live in a healthy world”
Underlining that it is interesting to discuss the developed Western countries’ neglect of countries and people who do not have sufficient financial means for vaccination even during the epidemic period, Özdemir continued his words as follows:
“In short, we have to develop technologies that do not destroy the nature-human relationship in an environment where everything is changing and transforming and that do not jeopardize the right of future generations to live in a healthy world. Heidegger needs a new ethos and a new understanding of the place and position of man in nature.” he had pointed in his words.
Sayyid Huseyin Nasr, who is regarded as the leader of Muslim environmentalists, is aware of the worldview at the basis of the environmental crisis and criticizes it strongly. According to him, modern science has stripped nature from all layers of meaning and reduced it to an experimental material; It preferred not the real nature in its natural state, but rather a way of being distracted by a fragmented nature that was brought to the laboratory and tested under limited conditions. Nasr rightly criticizes these approaches of modern science, which reject any sacred and spiritual dimension. “
“Silent Spring” contributed to the formation of environmental awareness
Pointing out that climate changes occur over a long period of time, Prof. Dr. İbrahim Özdemir said, “The year 1750 is generally accepted as the beginning of the industrial revolution. With the industrialization, the rate of gases in the world greenhouse we live in has also started to change. However, this change that provided economic prosperity and political power was welcomed in the beginning. he spoke.
Underlining that environmental problems began to be seen and felt in the 1960s, Özdemir continued his words as follows:
The biggest contribution to this was Rachel Carson’s book Silent Spring, published in 1962, by a humble scientist. In the book, he revealed the damages caused by the drugs used in agriculture to the environment and other living things. However, he had a hard time finding a publisher to publish his book Sessiz Bahar. They created great pressure to prevent the pharmaceutical industry from publishing, which thought the book would wake the public’s eyes. When the book was published, this time they tried to prevent its distribution. With some curiosity aroused by these pressures, people started to read the book. When he read it, they enlightened and took action. The book caused a great awareness to flourish and develop in the society, including scientists, in a short time.
The scream of the book was heard and spread all over the world over time. That’s why all environmentalists around the world accept and greet Rachel Carson as a pioneer. Thanks to his humble work, scientists from all walks of life began to understand the problem. Much more detailed studies have been done. “
“Environmental problems taught all of us that we have ‘one world'”
Emphasizing that the spirit of environmentalism is enlightenment about the human being himself, the world in which he lives and his interconnectedness, Özdemir said:
“Since environmental destruction emerged in the West as a result of modern technology and worldview, environmental movements first emerged in the West as a reaction to this. In the communication age we live in, environmental awareness spread all over the world in a short time; As a result of this, the Ministries of Environment were established and the relevant legislation was formed. The demands of environmentalists were effective in all of these. Let’s remember that the ‘Animal Protection Law’ was passed in 2004 in our country.
Another feature of the environmental movement is that it brings people from different religions, cultures and segments together. Environmental problems taught all of us that ‘we have one world’. Our national borders are a reality. However, our world is one. The moon, the sun and our unique universe are one. Moreover, we began to realize that we are not masters of the world and of the universe, but a humble member. The Chernobyl Disaster in Ukraine on April 26, 1986, crossing national borders and causing great damage to the whole region taught us a lot. “
“We are the ‘agents’ responsible for the order in the universe”
Özdemir stated that, as Muslim environmentalists, the concept of human being the ‘caliph’ on earth is understood as being responsible to all creatures, not as a political authority and ruler, Özdemir said, “We are the ‘representatives’ who are responsible for the order in the universe. We are morally and legally responsible for our actions regarding nature and all living things. In the understanding of science, science and practice are inseparable. As our knowledge of the universe and nature increases, our responsibility increases. Therefore, Muslim scientists, technocrats and bureaucrats have to be more sensitive when developing and using science and technology. We do not have the right to destroy. Everything that God has created for us is a ‘blessing’ and requires our gratitude. A necessary consequence of this is to develop ‘sustainable’ development policies and consumption styles that will not endanger the right of future generations to live in a healthy world.
Source: Anadolu Agency / Abdulkadir Günyol