The coronavirus mutated within a year, different variants appeared.
Detected in india coronavirus variant also reached England. British public health experts say the virus is ‘worrisome’.
The world is also looking closely at the Indian variant and other new types of genetics that spread more easily, make people sick more, or where vaccines are not effective.
Understanding new variants can help governments regulate vaccination schedules and keep the virus in check.
Why is Covid mutated?
All viruses undergo change and produce copies of themselves in order to exist and spread.
Most of these changes are minor, some can even damage the virus. But some changes can become more contagious and more dangerous, and these are the predominant species.
Even if people infected with viruses are immunized or vaccinated against infection, mutated viruses that are stripped of this protection shield continue to develop.
Scientists look at warning signs in the virus’s genetic code to determine how dangerous a mutation is. It examines how the virus reacts in laboratory studies and how it spreads to people.
What do we know about the different variants?
Thousands of different Covid variants are circulating around the world.
Those deemed most potentially dangerous are called the ‘worrying variant’ and are being closely monitored by health authorities. Yet alarming variants are as follows:
Are the new variants more dangerous?
There is no evidence that the vast majority of those trapping these virus variants suffer more severe illness than existing illnesses.
In its original form, the virus continues to pose a great danger, especially for the elderly and people with other health problems.
But a virus that will become more contagious and dangerous will increase mortality rates among people who are not vaccinated.
Some studies suggest that the British variant increases the risk of death by 30%, but these are not conclusive evidence.
The recommendations of the health authorities against all variants are the same: wash your hands, keep your distance, wear a face mask and pay attention to ventilation.
How do new variants mutate?
England, South Africa, Brazil and India variants all experienced changes in spike proteins that bind the virus to human cells.
The mutation called N501Y seen in some has been seen to strengthen the virus in infecting and spreading to other cells.
Some experts consider the UK / Kent variant to be 70% more contagious. A study by the UK Public Health Agency suggests that this rate ranges from 30% to 50%.
A mutation called E484K was also seen in South African and Brazilian variants. This mutation can also help the virus become resistant to antibodies that develop immunity to infection.
Experts have also detected this change in a small number of British variants.
Some potentially significant mutations were also seen in the Indian variant (such as L452R), which may be making it more contagious.
There is insufficient evidence that variants recently detected in India – only one considered ‘worrisome’ – cause more serious illness or render vaccines ineffective.
Do vaccines work against variants?
The current vaccines were designed around early versions of the coronvirus, but scientists say vaccines still work against the virus, although potentially slightly less cultivated.
According to a recent study, the Brazilian variant may still be resistant to antibodies that develop in people who have had Covid and are thought to be immune.
But early-stage lab results and real-life data show that the Pfizer vaccine offers protection against new variants, albeit slightly less effective.
According to the data of the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine research team, this vaccine also protects against the British / Kent variant. While it is less effective against the South African variant, it still protects against serious and gross mistakes.
According to early findings, the Moderna vaccine is effective against the South African variant, but the activated immune system may be slightly weaker and shorter.
Experts say that existing vaccines can be redesigned against new mutations.
Do variants require booster vaccines?
The British government has agreed with biopharmaceutical company CureVac to develop vaccines against future variants and has pre-ordered 50 million doses.
Depending on how variants develop, these doses may be used as booster vaccines towards the end of the year for the elderly or other groups at risk.